The FDA’s Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee (VRBPAC) wants to grant Emergency Use Authorization to Pfizer’s BioNTech vaccine for babies aged 6 months and children up to 5 years old, despite the lack of safety and efficacy to support its use. The only thing standing in their way are concerned parents, grandparents and citizens. Parents are watching, and it is our duty to protect the children.
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--Susie Olsen-Corgan is an affiliate and contributing photojournalist of The Dakota Leader
In October 2011, Occupy Wall Street ‘s webpage ran a poll to find out what sort of people were involved in their movement. The published findings might be surprising in 2022, as 70% of participants and supporters were “politically independent”.
The last call to action mentioned on www.occupywallst.org is a protest against the DNC in Philadelphia on July 2016. Their primary grievance? Hillary Clinton had stolen the nomination that “rightfully belonged to Bernie Sanders”.
By January 2021, many of the same people who had been accusing Clinton of stealing the Democratic primary condemned the ones who had concerns about the results of the 2020 presidential election. The ones who claimed that “all cops are bastards” cheered for the police when they targeted “anti-maskers” or “anti-vaxxers”. Most curiously, the ones who claimed to be against the 1% asked no questions when the largest upward transfer of wealth in all of human history happened right under their noses.
John Lydon of the Sex Pistols has even commented on this phenomenon, saying, “I never thought I'd live to see the day when the right wing would become to cool ones giving the middle finger to the establishment, and the left wing become the sniveling self-righteous twatty ones going around shaming everyone.”
How did this shift happen? How did Occupy get absorbed by the mainstream left, and how did the mainstream left begin to engage in behavior that the leftists of the 2000s would have considered authoritarian and pro-war?
According to one of the Occupy movement’s funders, Michael Pella, who now runs a tour in New York City specific to the Occupy movement and working-class history, “understanding that shift requires analyzing the events that began in 1997.”
In 1997, William Kristol formed the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), a neoconservative think tank which heavily influenced George W Bush’s presidency, especially his foreign policy. PNAC encouraged more defense spending to prevent nations such as Russia and China from challenging America’s global dominance. This resulted in the ostracization of citizens who did not support such forms of American Imperialism.
Questioning or opposing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan in those early naughts was considered unpatriotic and cowardly–eerily similar to today’s treatment of the COVID-19 vaccine hesitant.
Pella theorizes that the mentality of “you’re with us or against us” shifted from being about terrorists to being about Trump supporters. Straw man political reasoning used to be “if you don’t want the US to invade Iraq you’re enabling Terrorism.,” now it’s, “if you don’t get the vaccine, you’re anti-science and must have voted for Trump, and since Trump is a fascist, that means you’re also a fascist.” It’s a string of illogic reminiscent of the classic Monty Python and the Holy Grail sketch about witches– witches burn because they’re made of wood, wood floats and so do ducks, so if she weighs as much as a duck, then she’s a witch.
Pella described Bush as “the worst president of (his) lifetime”. His reasons? “Bush used 9/11 to propagandize America to go along with the program relative to regime changes worldwide. Regime change wars cost American taxpayers 8 - 12 trillion dollars, killing some 9 million people who were brown and black in the Middle East and Africa. Hurricane Katrina happened, and he didn’t ride in. He just let people die there. He deregulated the financial industry. Bear Stearns collapsed, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac issued subprime, and predatory lending to first-time buyers. The market collapsed when the bubble eventually burst in 2008.
“Too Big to Fail” banking C.E.Os flew to D.C in private jets, begging for taxpayer funded bail-outs, while still receiving multi-million dollar salaries. Bush bailed his friends out, while average people lost their jobs and homes. Our country witnessed one of the largest upward transfers of wealth, and no one said or did anything about it.
Pella, who shares that he’s been “canceled” by former friends and allies, says “when Occupy Wall Street started, we were upset about an $eight-billion dollar transfer of wealth, upwards. That $eight-billion was nothing compared to the $2,000,000,000,000 that transferred upwards during the lockdowns of 2020-2021 and approximately $3,000,000,000,000 trillion lost in business closures, yet most ex-Occupiers supported the lockdowns.”
Obama had already been in office for about three years when Occupy Wall Street began, and many liberals who had been vigilant about what Bush did while in office were complacent when Obama failed to reverse the economic damage or end the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Obama was sold as a progressive who would make life easier, while the reality for most people struggling through the Great Recession was that their day-to-day lives were not improving with him in office.
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Occupy Wall Street was a reaction against the neoconservativism of the Bush administration, but threw an equal amount of criticism against Obama. Campers in Washington DC’s McPherson Park would frequently march to the white house at night to vent their rage towards Obama. On December 31st, 2011 Occupiers, gathered in New York City’s Zuccotti Park, shouted angrily about Obama approving the NDAA, which allowed for indefinite detention of American citizens. The rage manifested into tearing down the police barricades that surrounded the park and piling them into “Barricade Mountain”. Lights were later torn off the trees, and eventually that night evolved into drunken marching through the streets. Several arrests were made that night, but NDAA protests continued into 2012.
Occupy Wall Street took the streets of Chicago for a week in July 2012 to protest against NATO. They camped at both the RNC and DNC.
“We are the 99%” included everyone, regardless of ethnicity, age, gender, religion, sexual orientation, or even political affiliation. The 99% was everyone not in the ruling class, and included the majority of the people who would support Trump in 2016.
In 2011, one of Occupy’s chants was: “Left wing, right wing, cut that chatter! Corporations own the government. Your votes don’t matter!”
Only four years later, in 2016, there was almost no discussion about that kind of unity among ex-Occupiers on social media, but there was endless re-hashing about how, “Trump is bad, Republicans are bad, don’t vote Republican, Hillary is the lesser of two evils, you better vote for her”.
Ironically enough, Trump had some policies that aligned with what Occupy Wall Street had been asking for. He withdrew the US from the Trans-Pacific Partnership in January 2017– a move that would have been applauded under Obama, if this “break the TPP” video from 2015 is any indication
If ex-Occupiers could criticize Obama, despite many of them having voted for him, why couldn’t they approach Trump’s presidency with the same level of independent thought?
Trump was sold to the Occupy movement as the ultimate symbol of everything that is evil. Somehow the focus shifted from the 1 percent to middle class America. The mainstream media reacted to Trump’s presidency with a relentless monomania. Social media amplified the hysterical yellow journalism ad-nauseum, until it felt as if the entire population was constantly distracted by someone screaming in their ears and banging pots and pans around the clock. This bombardment resulted, not only in less questioning and investigation from ex-Occupiers, but it also had an almost amnestic effect on a massive scale.
The fear of Trump turned into a fear of anyone associated with him. It spread even to people who considered themselves moderate or neutral. Gone was the solidarity between Libertarians and Marxists that had existed in 2011 and 2012–the fear of Trump flattened and simplified the left’s worldview into trying to eliminate Trump support in all forms. If that meant excluding people socially, cutting off family members, old friends, and getting people fired from their jobs, so be it. Trump was portrayed as so evil that “canceling” people associated with him was seen as a necessity. Cancel culture became so pervasive after 2016 that in 2019, one of Pella’s friends killed himself over the isolation that resulted from it: “he felt lost without his people, and he was losing all of them. He got ‘canceled’ by the very people he’d been defending. There was a big mindfuck happening for years to divide everyone after Occupy because they were realizing the 1% was their enemy.”
The “America First” veneer of PNAC’s emphasis on the flag and the cross has been replaced by a woke, intersectional rebranding that focuses on tearing down statues, canceling people, and turning anarchists against normal working-class white people instead of the 1%.
In 2011, the conversation about police brutality was tied in with the larger class struggle and took place among small working groups in the park or unplanned marches in the street. By summer 2020, BLM was represented by the major corporations that had profited immensely from the same lockdowns that thrust countless black families into poverty when those corporations displayed flashy signs in a mostly abandoned Times Square.
The war hawk mentality has also moved from right to left, and the weaponization of social justice fervor plays out in scenarios like Robert Grodt dying in Syria. Grodt was a medic at Occupy Wall Street who helped the women who were kettled and pepper sprayed early in the movement. One of the women he met that day struck up a relationship with him, and they had a child together in 2012. Over the following years, Grodt became more radical with his views, and Pella believes that when Grodt died in 2017, “he did it thinking he was defending an intersectional Kurdish lesbian commune from Assad and Isis, when really he died for Dick Cheney. People are shipping themselves off to Ukraine for the same reasons now. It’s the weaponization of the left.”
When asked what can be done to reverse the radicalization and polarization of the ex-Occupiers and move forward, Pella’s suggested plan of action is simple in theory, difficult in reality: “The Left needs to stop calling everyone ‘conspiracy theorists’ and listen to them. I go on these alternative social media platforms like “Minds” that are filled with so-called ‘right-wingers’, and they’re critiquing the very same corporations we were fighting against 10 years ago. Qanon and Trumpers call them the ‘Globalists’, but these are the same one percenters we were fighting. The Deep state is the CIA, military-industrial complex, and Wall Street. It’s not a conspiracy theory. The left needs to get over themselves and stop listening to this mainstream media BS. We were opposed to both Fox News AND MSNBC! All the mainstream media blurred our message and minimized us so that people on the right wouldn’t listen and people on the left didn’t understand us at all. Then the Democrats thought we were on their side because we were protesting Republicans– when really we protested both parties! Ignore Occupy Democrats– they have nothing to do with Occupy Wall Street. And as for the right, they need to study Occupy and learn from it– talk to people who can tell them the truth about our movement instead of relying on Qanon. There were many Communists and Anarchists involved, but there were also Libertarians!”
Both social media and mainstream media have evolved rapidly in the last decade, and the resulting twin echo chambers resulted in more wealth, power, and control for the people at the top, along with fractured friendships and family bonds. The skeptical, independent spirit that initially launched the Occupy movement over a decade ago is well worth revisiting, even if it means working to look past the current form of the mainstream left it morphed into.
Please help support Ms Anna Cole, donate today and buy her a cup of coffee. --Anna Cole- Arts and Entertainment Columnist for The Dakota Leader
Anyone who has been reading the Brookings Register over the past two years knows that Bonny Specker, candidate for the Brookings City Council, has shown strong support for mask mandates for Brookings businesses and for our K-12 school children, teachers, and support staff.
In one of her most recent letters to the editor, Register, January 12, 2022, “What is the Brookings School District thinking?’, Specker slammed Brookings School Board members and Superintendent Willert for not imposing the CDC mandate for “universal indoor masking by all students and staff, regardless of vaccination status. Universal masking would make masking for cases and close contacts, part of the new guidelines for isolation and quarantine, easier to enforce.”
Specker went on to state, “I’m disappointed by the lack of leadership by school officials and some of the school board members.”
Our Brookings School Board wisely chose to stay with their Phase Two policy (masks strongly recommended, but not required), and Brookings School District’s Covid-19case counts have been in a pronounced downtrend since Specker’s condemnation ofour “school officials and board members.”
Covid-19 case counts have also plummeted, down now to negligible levels, for both Brookings County and the state of South Dakota since Specker’s 5-alarm warning.
In her same letter, Specker also warned, "This new Omicron variant will put significant strain on our health care systems over the next couple of months." I have witnessed no significant strain, whatsoever, on the Brookings Health System during February and March, as Specker predicted, in regard to admissions with Covid as the primary diagnosis.
Nor have I witnessed any significant new strains from the Omicron variant on health care systems across South Dakota.
If you love mask mandates for schools and businesses, and/or school and business shut-downs, you will love Bonny Specker.
For everyone else, please vote for common sense candidates who respect the ideals of individual freedom and liberty for our Brookings area citizens.
To all Brookings Republicans - your vote is critical for our upcoming April 12th election for our three open City Council seats. Please get out and vote for Andrew Rasmussen (1-year term), Jeremiah Nelson (2-year term), and Leah Brink (3-year term).
Also, please vote for our two conservative School Board candidates, Jason Bowes and Rhonda May.
Did South Dakota’s Department of Health Engage in Propagandizing Vaccine Uptake, As Part of a Paid Experiment?
A recent disclosure from the NIH and HHS have many wondering, if they too, were part of a mass human experimentation for COVID-19 vaccine uptake messaging. Ten studies were conducted by various entities across the country, many without participant knowledge or consent.
According to public records, the South Dakota Rural Hospital System was awarded nearly 9 million dollars in funding for "testing and mitigation" in 2021, which specifies messages to increase vaccination rates.
The South Dakota Department of Health was awarded a $359,000 grant for messaging which emphasized- ending the pandemic, familial duty, and national pride.
Directly after, the South Dakota Department of Health launched its "Trusted Voices" campaign. Trusted voices chosen were of a Latina, Dayana D. Maita MD, Yankton Sioux Tribal Chairman Robert Flying Hawk, Rosebud Tribal President Rodney M. Bordeaux and RN Jen Stearns. Jen Stearns appears in the video with her new infant in arm, telling other mothers to get the vaccine during pregnancy. However, Stearns's video aired on June 30, 2021, prior to the CDC's published study results on August 11, 2021 for safety in pregnancy.
In August of 2021, Dr Porismita Borah of Washington State University released her messaging study results.
For this study, Borah tested four messages on equal sized groups of about 100 participants each. Participants were "crowdsourced" through Amazon, with 47.5% of the study group identifying politically as conservative. Over 66.7% of the study group were Women with an average age of 37 years old.
PIERRE, S.D. – Today, Governor Kristi Noem announced that she is appointing Joan Adam to serve as Secretary of the Department of Health (DOH), effective immediately. Joan has been serving in this role in an interim capacity since January.
“Joan has done an excellent job serving the people of South Dakota in her many years at the Department of Health,” said Governor Kristi Noem. “The Department has continued to run smoothly during her time as Interim Secretary, and I look forward to continuing to work with her to keep our state healthy.”
Joan has served the people of South Dakota at DOH for a combined 20 years. Before taking on the role of Interim Secretary, she served as Division Director for Administration, where she oversaw the SD Public Health Laboratory, Correctional Healthcare Services, the Offices of Vital Records and Health Statistics, and Health Information Technology. Prior to that, she worked as a program administrator in health promotion and disease prevention, including as a Division Director.
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“I am honored that Governor Noem has put her trust in me to lead the Department of Health,” said Secretary Joan Adam. “It is a privilege to work alongside our state’s dedicated public health professionals. I look forward to continuing the important mission of the department which is to protect and improve the health of every South Dakotan.”
Joan and her husband Karl live in Pierre, SD, where they have raised their five children. Their family also includes a son-in-law, daughter-in-law, and one grandson. You can find a picture of Joan here.
Adam will step into her role immediately, while Michael Houdyshell, Noem's appointment as the Secretary of Revenue, will begin April 1. Adam has been filling in for former state department health secretary Kim Malsam-Rysdon in an interim capacity since January.
EV owners lack transparency of the environmental degradation and human atrocities occurring in developing countries that are mining for battery materials
The worldwide movement towards the electrification of everything, from more electric vehicles (EV’s) to more intermittent, battery stored electricity by wind turbines and solar panels, fail to disclose to consumers that there is a darker side of green technology, associated with environmental degradation, human atrocities, and other embedded costs for the exploitation of rare earth materials.
It should concern everyone that there are toxic components which come from mining for the exotic minerals and metals required to manufacture EV batteries, wind turbines, and solar panels. This mining is predominately occurring in less-developed countries where people of color are exploited for their cheap labor, in locations without regulations or child labor laws. Global consumers might feel good about "going green", but they lack the transparency, and facts regarding human rights' abuses, environmental degradation, and the true costs associated with "green" technologies.
The environmental impact of battery production is significant. The production of lithium is either carbon dioxide polluting or wasteful of water — up to 500,000 gallons per ton of the mineral. Cobalt mining produces radioactive contaminants, including uranium. About 80 percent of the weight of a Tesla battery –requires mined materials. In practice, that means mining about 50 tons of raw ore per vehicle. If 10 million U.S.-based electric cars are sold in 2030 (about half of sales), that would translate to 500 million tons of new mining with all the accompanying emissions from mining equipment and the accompanying pollution.
All those toxic components come from mining. For instance, to manufacture each auto battery, you must process 25,000 pounds of brine for the lithium, 30,000 pounds of ore for the cobalt, 5,000 pounds of ore for the nickel, and 25,000 pounds of ore for copper. All told, you dig up 500,000 pounds of the earth’s crust for just - one – Tesla EV battery.
There was already a huge challenge in just making enough EV batteries. As physicist Mark Mills pointed out in the Wall Street Journal: "The International Energy Agency (IEA) finds that with a global energy transition like the one President Biden envisions, demand for key minerals such as lithium, graphite, nickel and rare-earth metals would explode, rising by 4,200 percent, 2,500 percent, 1,900 percent and 700 percent, respectively, by 2040”.
Amnesty International has documented children and adults mining cobalt in narrow man-made tunnels), and the exposure to the dangerous gasses emitted during the procurement of these rare minerals, not to mention the destruction of the local ecosystems when the wastewater and other unusable ores are let loose onto the environments they have no choice but to live in because their wages are so infinitesimally small, it should cause us to take a step back and examine our moral obligations to humanity.
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Not only might the planet not have the capacity to meet this demand, but many of these materials come from places that are hostile or that we do not control – such as China/Mongolia, the Congo, and Bolivia – leading to an unpredictable supply.
The actions of society are currently supportive of jumping onto the EV train, knowing that EV’s have a very dark side of environmental atrocities, and the non-existing transparency of human rights abuses occurring in other countries, both of which are directly connected to the mining for the exotic minerals and metals that are required to manufacture wind turbines, solar panels, and EV batteries.
America could promote sustainable mining in those developing countries to restoring the land to a healthy ecosystem after the mine closes and by leaving surrounding communities with more wealth, education, health care, and infrastructure that they had before the mine went into production. Like the mining in America, the mining in developing countries must be the objective of corporate social responsibilities and the outcome of the successful ecological restoration of landscapes.
America’s passion for EV vehicles to reduce emissions must be ethical and should not thrive off human rights and environmental abuses in the foreign countries providing the exotic minerals and metals to support America’s green passion.
This Article Was a Commissioned Piece By The Dakota Leader. Your generous donations help us to pay experts in their field to educate policy makers, as well as consumers on topics, they just won't hear elsewhere. The Dakota Leader is committed to fact based clean energy, science, and a better future for all. Help support our mission today by considering a monthly donation.
--By Ronald Stein Ambassador for Energy and Infrastructure, Irvine, California
Advertising Her Administration Ahead of An Election...
South Dakota under Republican Governor Kristi Noem, a likely candidate for her party’s presidential nomination in 2024, used the services of a Beijing public relations and marketing agency to place at least 267 propaganda stories in Chinese media outlets.
The propaganda was developed between the South Dakota Department of Tourism and East West Marketing, according to the department’s yearly report and a contract on the state website.
One of the propaganda stories in state-owned China Daily described South Dakota as “one of the best places in North America.”
Domestic media in China is owned or otherwise controlled by the ruling Chinese Communist Party. There is no free and independent press in China. Even international outlets with foreign correspondents based in the country are regularly censored by Beijing.
In addition to placing the propaganda stories, East West Marketing “participated in industry/media activities and event on behalf of South Dakota to gain publicity for the state,” according to the Department of Tourism yearly report (Pg. 27).
The agency also organized junkets for so-called Chinese journalists to visit South Dakota, according to a report by the Argus Leader.
East West Marketing is run by Alina Xiang, the agency’s president and CEO. Her official biography claims she has “a strong network of Chinese trade partners, media, influencers, airline partners and government officials.”
Xiang, originally from Beijing, lives in Irvine, California, according to her Facebook account. She is not registered under the Foreign Agents Registration Act with the U.S. Department of Justice, according to a review of federal records.
"An opportunity to have individual conversations with our City, County and State 2022 Candidates. Candidates include those running for School Board and City Council as well as Republican primary candidates for County Commissioners, Sheriff, State Representatives, Senate, and US Senate!"
Iowa Lawmakers have responded by drafting a bill that would limit eminent domain, and secure private property rights. According to AG Week, "The amendment passed Thursday, March 24, would prohibit the Iowa Utilities Board from scheduling a hearing before Feb. 1, 2023, for carbon pipelines seeking the use of eminent domain."
Of the three pipelines being proposed currently, Summit Carbon Solutions is the only company to have requested a permit, so far. However, if the plan proves feasible, more will soon follow. That’s not necessarily a bad thing according to some experts, so long as states can protect landowners from eminent domain.
What is a carbon pipeline, and why is it being proposed?
"With record heat searing much of the state, while numerous wildfires rage out of control, California has ordered a stage-2 power-grid emergency, and rolling blackouts could follow," Eisenstein wrote in the summer of 2021. “The U.S. electric grid has been hammered this year by a series of extreme weather events, including the unexpected February ice storm that left much of Texas in the dark — state regulators again last month warning of potential outages.”
As it currently stands, the U.S is not capable of switching to an all electric consumer base, as the electrical infrastructure is not able to keep up with the demand. For the time being, the U.S is still very dependent upon petroleum, natural gas, and coal based energy sources (also referred to as fossil fuels, though inaccurate).
In order to stay competitive with foreign oil, and reduce the cost of domestic energy sources, U.S based companies are now working towards carbon sequestration and mitigation efforts. Experts say this will hopefully create a way forward for longer term use of traditional energy sources, giving the U.S more time to upgrade its failing energy grid, while reducing reliance on imports. If successful, Americans can expect to see relief at the pump and on their energy bills as the market levels out.
"Carbon capture and storage is something coal and other fossil fuel producers are examining to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions while still allowing their industries to stay in business. There is an expense associated with capturing the CO2 and pumping it underground, but if it proves feasible it could prolong the life of these industries." Isaac Orr tells The Dakota Leader. Orr is the Energy and Environmental Policy Fellow at the Center of the American Experiment, and he’s written extensively on this issue. Many consider Orr to be a leading expert in the field of energy and environmental policy. So when Orr brought up the 45Q tax credit, we felt it was important to share with readers.
Orr tells The Dakota Leader, "the desire to build this pipeline is primarily driven by federal subsidies for carbon dioxide capture and sequestration and to help ethanol producers comply with California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard regulations. Capturing CO2 and pumping it underground helps them get higher prices for their product in California."
The idea is simple. If say, a coal or ethanol plant can move their carbon output underground and sequester it in a reservoir, rather than emit it into the atmosphere, they can potentially continue to produce energy cost effectively. By receiving federal tax credits per metric tonne of carbon sequestered, the cost of doing business in states like California, becomes cost effective. These tax credits then translate into lower costs to the consumer, while allowing American companies to help reduce dependence on foreign energy.
Orr says there’s nothing inherently dangerous about a CO2 pipeline, like some news publications have reported recently, but he agrees that eminent domain is an issue.
"There's nothing dangerous about transporting carbon dioxide in a pipeline, but I can understand why landowners might be unhappy about having someone wanting to put one on their land without their permission or using eminent domain."
In order to capture CO2 underground, the proper geological components are required. North Dakota happens to have the sandstone needed for reservoir rock, and impermeable rock layers required for the cap rock. This prevents migration, and fluids from leaking underground. It also allows for a pressure build-up, making oil extraction easier with fewer resources.
So far the project has been met with pushback, and concerns from South Dakota landowners. Summit Carbon Solutions filed their permit request with the Public Utilities Commission, right as the 2022 legislative session came to a close. The Governor or the legislature would now be required to call an emergency session, if landowners are to be protected from eminent domain.
--Breeauna Sagdal- Health and Policy Journalist for The Dakota Leader
Press Release from the South Dakota State Historical Society
PIERRE, S.D.— A missionary educator, a Jewish poet from Sioux Falls, an Indigenous singer, and an exciting resource for scholars of women’s history are highlighted in the latest issue of “South Dakota History,” the quarterly journal of the South Dakota State Historical Society.
Anna Amundson’s article “Rebecca Fusfeld: Jewish Prairie Poet” explores the life and poetry of Rebecca Fusfeld, a Jewish woman who immigrated to Sioux Falls in the late 19th century. Her poems, which many local publications featured prominently, illuminate the activities of the city’s vibrant Jewish community. Amundson holds a Ph.D. from Florida State University and currently teaches at Augustana University in Sioux Falls.
“‘I have felt a great zeal for this work’: The Educational and Evangelical Mission of Luella Belle Pettigrew,” by Lisa R. Lindell, narrates the work and travels of this missionary educator, a member of the influential Pettigrew family. Pettigrew used her leadership roles in several organizations to promote many causes, including girls’ education and temperance. Lindell is a catalog librarian at South Dakota State University’s Hilton M. Briggs Library in Brookings.
In “‘Good Night, Irene’: The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and Irene Taluta Eastman,” Julie Dobrow and Raymond Wilson document the life of Irene Taluta Eastman, daughter of Dr. Charles and Elaine Eastman. Irene possessed a skillful singing voice, which she used to educate audiences about Indigenous culture. Her death after contracting what many at the time called “Spanish Influenza” deepened a growing rift in her parents’ marriage. Dobrow is director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies at Tufts University in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and Wilson is a professor emeritus at Fort Hays State University in Hays, Kansas.
In a Dakota Resources feature titled “Feel the RAGE: New Directions for South Dakota Gender History,” Mary Andino showcases the research potential of the Rapid City Punk Rock Archive. Through analysis of a Rapid City feminist zine from the 1990s, she demonstrates how such sources can move women’s history in new directions. Andino is a former associate editor at the South Dakota Historical Society Press and holds a Ph.D. in history from Washington University in St. Louis.
“South Dakota History” is a benefit of membership in the South Dakota State Historical Society. For information on membership, call 605-773-6000. To purchase individual issues, call 605-773-6009.
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About the South Dakota State Historical Society
The South Dakota State Historical Society is a division of the Department of Education. The State Historical Society, an Affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution since 2013, is headquartered at the South Dakota Cultural Heritage Center in Pierre. The center houses the society’s world-class museum, the archives, and the historic preservation, publishing, and administrative/development offices. Call 605-773-3458 or visit www.history.sd.gov for more information. The society also has an archaeology office in Rapid City; call 605-394-1936 for more information.
Today, March 22, 2022 is Agriculture Day, and while the country celebrates its farmers and ranchers, concerns mount for the coming years, as corn surges past $7 dollars a bushel on the open market.
Corn is the top crop grown and produced in South Dakota, it’s used for livestock feed, cereal and even hybrid ethanol fuels. However with the war in Ukraine creating a global shortage of nitrogen fertilizers like urea, farmers are panic buying ahead of spring in anticipation of rising costs. Russia exports 14 percent of the world’s urea supply, making it one the world’s largest exporters of the nitrogen based fertilizer. Urea is used in industrial farming, and applied to boost yields of corn, canola and wheat, also referred to as “cereal crops”. The U.S is the world’s third-largest fertilizer importer, experts now say the higher fertilizer costs could translate into higher meat and bread prices.
According to the U.N, world food prices hit a 10-year high in October led by increases in cereal crops such as wheat and vegetable oils.
South Dakota meat growers like Mike Clark of Clark's Yorkshires, say they worry about the impact of rising costs for next year’s inventory. Clark says between the war in Ukraine, the soaring prices of fuel, feed, and heat, it’s hard to say how much his feeder pigs will go for next year, or if he’ll be able to break even. “The larger hog houses can secure their price per-pound by locking in rates through the futures market,” Clark tells The Dakota Leader. “They can purchase shares, say four months out, and lock-in their rates.” This ensures larger operations, who produce over 25,000 pounds of meat (the smallest futures contract with MidAmerican) don’t lose out on their bottom line. For smaller, specialty operations like Clark's Yorkshires, who focus on healthy meat production and quality over quantity, the future is unpredictable. The bottom line, according to SwineWeb is that the cost of producing and processing each pound of pork is more expensive in 2022 than in 2021, putting upward pressure on prices for all meat production.
If you think that sounds crazy, companies like Mars Petcare recently announced a new insect-based cat food. The French firm Ÿnsect recently raised $225m to open the world’s largest insect farm and will soon be producing 100,000 tonnes of protein per year. The British company, Entocycle, just received a £10m government grant to build a black soldier fly larvae farm outside London.
According to Guardian reporter Richard Godwin, “ Insects not only make a far more efficient feed – they can also be fed on waste and their “frass” (excrement) can be used as fertilizer. Currently, around 33% of cropland worldwide is used to feed livestock.”
Environmental publication Livekindly asks readers “Is eating insects the solution for a more ethical and sustainable future of protein?” The author goes on to claim that “Industrial animal agriculture has wreaked havoc on the environment,” and meat growers are the reason for Climate Change.
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NYC Food Policy says “Using insects as food also shows potential as a way to improve global food security and malnutrition problems, especially in developing countries. Many insect species are densely packed with important vitamins, fats, and proteins; queen termites, for example, are given to undernourished children in some African countries because of their nutritional density."
Are you ready for The Great Reset? If not, now might be a really great time to start looking for local farm-to-table services, buying directly from the source, or joining co-ops. Investing into the local agricultural industry and buying directly from the source, helps to ensure that farmers and producers see the maximum profit. Minimizing the steps it takes for food to get to your table, also ensures that families are able to access local and fresh foods, at a time when it's becoming more cost prohibitive.
--Breeauna Sagdal- Health and Policy Journalist for The Dakota Leader
PIERRE, S.D. – Today, Governor Kristi Noem signed HB 1012, which prohibits colleges from requiring students and teachers to attend trainings or orientations based on Critical Race Theory.
“No student or teacher should have to endorse Critical Race Theory in order to attend, graduate from, or teach at our public universities,” said Governor Noem. “College should remain a place where freedom of thought and expression are encouraged, not stifled by political agendas.”
“This session, we also made targeted investments in job training for key career fields like nursing and skilled manufacturing. We want our kids and grandkids to get the best training possible so that they can fill available jobs right here in South Dakota,” continued Governor Noem.
The Governor also signed the following 11 education bills into law:
SB 42 authorizes the Board of Regents to contract for the design and construction of an addition to the wellness center at the University of South Dakota and makes an appropriation therefor.
SB 43 authorizes the Board of Regents to contract for the design, renovation, and construction of an addition for a health sciences center at Black Hills State University–Rapid City and makes an appropriation therefor.
SB 61 makes an appropriation to the Board of Technical Education to support the purchase of simulation equipment for a health sciences clinical simulation center on the campus of Southeast Technical College.
SB 95 revises provisions regarding the Teacher Compensation Review Board.
SB 132 makes an appropriation for multi-media lab equipment at Black Hills State University.
SB 133 makes an appropriation to the Board of Regents to upgrade an education lab and purchase resources at Black Hills State University.
SB 154 revises criteria for the South Dakota Freedom Scholarship.
SB 167 clarifies the certification process for teachers and school administrators.
HB 1031 makes an appropriation to the Board of Technical Education to construct an advanced manufacturing laboratory space and classrooms on the campus of Lake Area Technical College.
HB 1032 makes an appropriation to the Board of Technical Education to construct an agriculture and diesel power laboratory and multi-purpose space on the campus of Mitchell Technical College.
HB 1119 revises the general state aid formula to provide adjustment for alternative education students participating in interscholastic activities.